Prague is the capital and largest city of the Czech Republic. It is the 14th largest city in the European Union. It was not only the capital of the Czech state, but also the seat of two Holy Roman Emperors and thus also the capital of the Holy Roman Empire. It was an important city to the Habsburg Monarchy and its Austro-Hungarian Empire and after World War I became the capital of Czechoslovakia. Situated in the north-west of the country on the Vltava River, the city is home to about 1.26 million people, while its larger urban zone is estimated to have a population of nearly 2 million. The city boasts more than ten major museums, along with numerous theatres, galleries, cinemas, and other historical exhibits.
Since the fall of the Iron Curtain, Prague has become one of the world's most popular tourist destinations. Prague suffered considerably less damage during World War II than some other major cities in the region, allowing most of its historic architecture to stay true to form. It contains one of the world's most pristine and varied collections of architecture, from Romanesque, to Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque, Rococo, Neo-Renaissance, Neo-Gothic, Art Nouveau, Cubist, Neo-Classicaland ultra-modern. Some popular sights include:
- Prague Castle with the St. Vitus Cathedral which store the Czech Crown Jewels
- The picturesque Charles Bridge (Karlův most)
- Kampa Island, an island with a view of the Charles Bridge
- The Astronomical Clock (Orloj) on Old Town City Hall
- The Gothic Church of Our Lady before Týn (Kostel Matky Boží před Týnem) from the 14th century with 80 m high towers
- Old Jewish Cemetery
- Old Town Square (Staroměstské náměstí) with gothic and baroque architectural styles
- Busy and historic Wenceslas Square
- The deconstructivist Dancing House (Fred and Ginger Building)
- Charles Square, the largest medieval square in Europe (now turned into a park)
- Jan Žižka large bronze equestrian statue in Vítkov Park, Žižkov – Prague 3
- The Prague Metronome at Letná Park, a giant, functional metronome that looms over the city
- Strahov Monastery, an old Czech premonstratensian abbey founded in 1149 and monastic library
We are currently on CEST - Central European Summer Time (UTC/GMT +2 hours).
The Czech koruna or Czech crown (CZK) is the official currency of the Czech Republic, however some restaurants, hotels and shops take Euros as well. Credit cards are also accepted in most hotels, large shops and spendier restaurants. Many local shops and cheaper restaurants do not accept credit cards. If you are able to pay in cash, we recommend doing so.
The electrical current in the Czech Republic is 230V. Wall outlets generally take the standard Type E plug but Type C two-pin plugs may be used as well (see Europlug). If you don't use this voltage in your country, we recommend picking up an adaptor at the airport.
The Czech Republic is the number one beer drinking country in the world, famous for its delicious golden lager style Pilsner.